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How to Effectively Control Pests

Pests can cause serious damage and health problems. Taking preventive steps is the first step to control them. Remove sources of food, water and shelter. Regularly dispose of garbage in tightly closed containers. Reduce clutter to minimize hiding places for pests.

Use control methods to reduce pest populations to an acceptable level while causing as little harm as possible to non-target organisms. Prevention, suppression and eradication are the control objectives. Click the https://killianpestcontrol.com/ to know more.

Pests can cause serious damage to buildings and other physical assets, and may also present a health hazard to people in the area. Pests that infest homes or commercial premises can include ants, cockroaches, rodents (such as mice), flies, mosquitoes, bees and wasps, and birds.

Sanitation practices can prevent or suppress the growth of many pests. These include storing food in tightly closed containers, cleaning and sanitizing kitchen equipment, and fixing leaky plumbing. In agricultural settings, sanitation can include proper storage and disposal of manure and crop residues, and preventing the transfer of pests between fields by cleaning and decontaminating equipment and removing trash from field areas.

In addition, pest control often involves the use of chemicals to kill and control pests that can’t be prevented by other means. These chemicals are called pesticides. Only licensed pest control technicians should use pesticides. They must be able to evaluate the benefits and risks of each chemical, choose the correct amount to use, and follow all local, state and federal laws regarding the application and use of pesticides.

Pesticides can be used in combination with other methods of control to achieve better results. For example, pesticides can be used in conjunction with baits or traps to lure and capture pests. They can also be used to destroy existing populations of pests. They can also be used to disrupt the life cycle of certain pests, such as releasing sterile males or using pheromones to interfere with mating.

Preventing pest infestations is a shared responsibility between property owners and managers, facility staff, and residents. Everyone should do their part by reporting pest problems to building management, keeping living and working spaces clean, and storing food in insect-proof or rodent-proof containers. In addition, residents should keep pet food and water in containers that can’t be accessed by pests, and should remove garbage regularly from outdoor areas.

Threshold levels (also known as action thresholds) have been established for many pests. These are the levels at which a pest should be controlled in order to protect esthetic, economic or public health interests. For instance, in food processing facilities, the presence of even a single mouse usually forces action to be taken.


Pests contaminate food, damage buildings and plants, and can worsen asthma and other health problems. They can also carry germs that cause disease. Pest control is a year-round effort. In cold weather ants, earwigs, spiders and mice seek warmth and shelter in homes, sheds and garages. Pests may even be found in the garden. Proper care of a home, yard or garden can prevent them from entering and spreading.

The goal of pest control is to reduce pest numbers to an acceptable level with minimal harm to people, property and the environment. This can be accomplished through prevention, suppression or eradication (destroy the entire population of pests). Pest management decisions are based on threshold-based monitoring (see Thresholds in the Assessment page).

Prevention involves keeping weeds, animals and insects from entering areas where they are not wanted. It can include cultural practices, physical barriers and biological controls. Examples of these tactics are using mulch to inhibit weed germination, installing netting or screening in greenhouses, and using trap crops (such as zinnia) to attract insect pests away from crop plants.

Physical barriers can include putting up wire fences or tin swatters, using sticky bands on trees to deter birds from perching in them and creating a physical barrier for termites with sheetrock or foam. Biological controls are predators, parasitoids and pathogens that reduce the number of potential pest insects. These organisms can be conserved and promoted through releases of natural enemies on a routine or seasonal basis, or they can be mass reared and inundated to create large populations for release.

Chemical pesticides can be used to quickly and effectively destroy unwanted organisms when all other controls are ineffective or not feasible. Chemicals should be chosen carefully to minimize their impact on other species, especially beneficial insects. The use of chemicals should be limited and directed to areas where they are most needed.

The best way to prevent pests is to keep them out of the house, office or garden in the first place. Clutter provides places for them to breed and hide, so get rid of stacks of papers and other materials. Seal cracks and crevices to prevent rodents from entering, and close up any gaps around windows and doors.


Biological control involves the use of natural enemies (predators, parasitoids, disease organisms and competitors) to suppress pest populations. It reduces the need for synthetic pesticides.

NIFA supports research in bio-based pest management to develop safer, more environmentally friendly ways to control insects, mites, weeds and plant pathogens. NIFA also works with growers to promote the conservation of natural enemies that occur in production systems, such as the activity of lady beetles and hover flies in aphid colonies or the presence of fungus-infected aphid mummies in aphid hives.

The simplest form of biological control involves the use of predators and parasitoids. Predators, such as birds and mammals, feed on insects and can significantly affect pest populations. Alternatively, parasitoids, such as flies and wasps, lay their eggs in or on the eggs, larvae or pupae of their host pests and then kill them. They may be used to control a single pest species or a group of closely related ones. Examples include tachinid flies, trichogramma wasps, ichneumonid wasps and braconid wasps.

Classical biological control involves the search for and collection of natural enemies from a pest’s native habitat, their rearing, testing and introduction into areas where they can be effective against the pests. This is the approach used to control most introduced insect pests. It is relatively expensive compared to other forms of pest control, but it is usually long lasting and requires little human intervention after initial costs have been incurred.

Another approach is the fortuitous or adventive biological control of exotic pests, whereby natural enemies that arrive with the pest or at a later time naturally suppress it without any deliberate introduction. This is used to control invasive pests such as cottony-cushion scale, an aphid-like mite that can devastate citrus crops.

Some biological controls are available commercially, such as products based on the bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis that paralyze the gut of caterpillars, Colorado or elm leaf beetle larvae or mosquito or gnat larvae. These are called biological insecticides and are less costly than synthetic insecticides. However, they may not be long-lasting. For a biological control to be long lasting, it must be properly developed and released, with attention to the synchrony of the enemy’s life cycle and that of its host.


Pests are unwanted organisms that damage or interfere with crops, landscapes, or wildlands and harm human health and well-being. They may be plants (weeds), vertebrates such as birds, rodents, and insects, invertebrates such as nematodes, or pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

Integrated pest management involves combining several control methods to reduce the need for chemical pesticides. Methods include pest proofing, trapping and bait stations, biological control, and temperature controls. The most effective way to eliminate pests is to prevent them from entering the business or home in the first place, by blocking holes and windows, installing a self-closing door, or sealing cracks around the building. Other forms of physical pest control include removing nests or destroying their habitats, catching them in traps or by other means, and implementing field burning or trap cropping in agriculture.

Chemical pesticides are the most popular and easiest to use, but they can be dangerous if not handled correctly. Only licensed and trained pest control technicians should have access to these toxic substances, and they are only used as a last resort. Chemicals poison and kill pests when they come into contact with them, and are most effective when combined with other control techniques.

Biological pest control uses natural enemies-predators, parasites, disease-causing agents, and competitors to manage and suppress pest populations. This form of control can be as simple as releasing ladybugs to eat aphids or as complex as engineered microbe-based solutions.

Temperature control methods, such as freezing or heating a plant, can also be a very effective physical pest control method. However, these are less common because of the environmental concerns associated with them.

Resistant varieties of plants, wood, or animals can help to keep a pest population below harmful levels by making conditions less favorable for it. Examples of this include choosing a variety of trees with a stronger resistance to disease, planting resistant vegetables, and removing or reducing watering practices that increase root diseases. These methods require more effort and patience than chemicals, but they are generally safer for the environment and humans.